Dawn M. Turner (guest)

Dawn M. Turner is a professional author with a passion for technical regulations and standards, as well as for their relevance and impact on corporate operations and industry in general. Dawn has more than 10 years of IT industry experience in hardware, programming & systems & network engineering. Her educational background includes a Certificate in computer operations & programming, CompTIA and Microsoft certifications, including A+, MCSE and MCP, Associates degree with major in business & minor in computer science, Bachelors of Science degree with major in business forensics & minor in accounting and an MBA with concentrations in finance & economics.

Using The AdES Standard for Mobile and Distributed Environments

AdES stands for Advanced Electronic Signature, which embraces a family of eIDAS-compliant standards for digital signatures including PAdES, CAdES and XAdES. 

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Digital Authentication - the basics

The potential for fraud is always a risk that cannot be ignored when it comes to conducting transactions. In person, an individual could present forged or altered documents that attest to an identity that does not belong to him or her. 

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What is a Qualified Digital Certificate for Electronic Signatures in eIDAS

Under the eIDAS Regulation (EU) No 910/2014, a qualified certificate for electronic signature refers to “a certificate for electronic signatures, that is issued by a qualified trust service provider” 

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The eIDAS regulation is officially here

On 1 July 2016, the eIDAS Regulation officially replaces EU 1999/93 Directive for providing governance over electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market across the European Union.

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Trust Service Providers according to eIDAS

 Under Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 (eIDAS), a Trust Service Provider (TSP) is defined as “a natural or a legal person who provides one or more trust services either as a qualified or as a non-qualified trust service provider."

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ASiC - Associated Signature Containers for eIDAS


When an electronic signature is created, it must be associated to the data that it is being used to secure. This is accomplished by creating a data set that will combine the signature with the signed data or by storing the detached signature in a separate resource and then using an external means to associate it back to the data. There are some advantages to using detached signatures; mainly that it prevents modification of the original data objects. However, there is a risk in doing this. There is always the possibility that the signature will become separated from its applicable data, and when this happens, the association is lost.

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Qualified Electronic Signatures for eIDAS

In the world of business, every minute counts. When it comes to closing deals, it is imperative to minimize any delays or barriers to keep business moving at a fast pace. Delays often occur when one party involved in a business or government transaction must wait to receive signed documents from the other party. Mailing documents back and forth by post or sending through facsimile takes time and is not very efficient by today’s standards. And of course, there is the obvious fact that these methods are not very secure.

There is always the risk of the information being sent becoming lost, stolen or tampered with before the intended recipient has received it. This is why now, more than ever, the need for fast and secure electronic transactions has become vital to everyday business processes. The use of qualified electronic signatures answers the call for that need, especially when conducting business across borders.

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Advanced Electronic Signatures for eIDAS

This article describes what advanced electronic signatures are, and what their significance, under the eIDAS regulation, holds for EU member states.

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Understanding ZertES - the Swiss Federal Law on Electronic Signatures

 On December 19, 2003, ZertES, the Swiss Federal law regarding the use of certification services with electronic signatures was approved into law.

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