Under the eIDAS Regulation, specifications for formatting advanced electronic signatures for PDF documents are set under PAdES. PAdES is the electronic signature design for PDF Advanced Electronic Signatures.
The ZertES legislation (Swiss digital signature law) was placed into effect in Switzerland on December 19, 2003. The purpose of this legislation was to regulate the manner for which trust service providers could use certification services with electronic signatures.
One of the greatest benefits of the digital age is the availability of being able to perform many different government processes online in a shorter amount of time versus having to depend upon the postal service or taking time out of a busy day to go stand in a line at a government office.
As defined by Regulation (EU) No 910/2014 (eIDAS), which took effect on 1 July 2016, an electronic signature creation device is software or hardware that has been configured to generate an electronic signature. However, for such a device to be considered a secure signature creation device (SSCD), it must meet the specifications that are stipulated in Annex II of eIDAS
This article sheds light on the two approaches to achieve non-repudiation of an electronic message: non-repudiation of emission and non-repudiation of origin.
AdES stands for Advanced Electronic Signature, which embraces a family of eIDAS-compliant standards for digital signatures including PAdES, CAdES and XAdES.
The potential for fraud is always a risk that cannot be ignored when it comes to conducting transactions. In person, an individual could present forged or altered documents that attest to an identity that does not belong to him or her.
Under the eIDAS Regulation (EU) No 910/2014, a qualified certificate for electronic signature refers to “a certificate for electronic signatures, that is issued by a qualified trust service provider”
On 1 July 2016, the eIDAS Regulation officially replaces EU 1999/93 Directive for providing governance over electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market across the European Union.