On June 11, 2016 Whitfield Diffie, Technical Advisory Board member at Cryptomathic, and Martin E. Hellman, Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University will be awarded the 2015 ACM A.M. Turing Award for their important contributions to modern cryptography. This was officially announced by the ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery in honor of Alan M. Turing, the British mathematician whose contributions to cryptography helped during World War II with the Allied crypto-analysis of the German Enigma cipher. Recipients of this reward receive a $1 million prize that is funded by Google, Inc. The prestigious Turing Award is often referred to as the “Nobel Prize of Computing.”
As a pioneer of cryptography, Diffie, along with Hellman had the foresight to understand the necessity for a more practical encryption standard to defend critical data from brute-force attacks. In their groundbreaking 1976 paper, “New Directions in Cryptography,” introduced an algorithm that introduced the concepts of asymmetric and public-key cryptography. Forty years later, these methods of encryption are now incorporated in many of the security protocols that are in use on the Internet. The duo’s prediction of a future where it would be commonplace for individuals to communicate through electronic networks has come to fruition.
Today, the Diffie-Hellman Protocol for public-key cryptography has become a part of everyday life. From daily Internet communications to banking transactions, encryption is used to provide individuals with secure online connections for email servers, banking transactions, e-commerce sites for online purchases, and now, the cloud. Diffie and Hellman’s algorithm introduced the concept of using a public key that could be freely distributed to use for encryption and a private key that would remain on the receiving device to be used for decryption.
Through asymmetric cryptography, it is practically impossible to calculate the private key value from the public key, despite the fact that one will uniquely determine the other. When this process is reversed, it provides a digital signature, where the message sender will use a private key to sign the message. The message recipient will use the public key that was also created by the message send to authenticate the message.
In response to Diffie being honored by the ACM for his work, Cambridge Professor and Co-founder of Cryptomathic, Peter Landrock, who is a long-time friend and colleague through Cryptomathic's Technical Advisory Board, stated:
“If anyone in computer science deserves the Turing Award, it is Whit. His work in information security has made a lasting impact that continues to make online business transactions convenient and secure. Consider when you make an online banking transaction or purchase an item online with your credit card. All these transactions are protected by public key cryptography, thanks to the pioneering work of Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman.”
For those who know Whitfield and his current research, it would be a mistake to consider this honor as a lifetime achievement award. There is certainly more to come and look forward to from Whitfield Diffie in the future.
Photo: courtesy of Daniel Spisak, Flickr, (CC BY-SA 2.0) showing Whitfield Diffie together with Burt Kaliski (RSA), Martin Hellman (Stanford University), Ronald Rivest (MIT) and Adi Shamir (Weizmann Institute of Science) at the RSA 2008 Cryptographer's panel.